Some vitamins play a vital role in our survival. In case of deficiency of these vitamins, irreversible damage may occur in the body. For this reason, we need to learn about the benefits of important vitamins for the body. In this article, we told you about vitamin K, which is not known much but is important! Now let's take a closer look at what is vitamin K, its deficiency, its benefits and more.
What is Vitamin K?
The main task of vitamin K in the body is to help blood clot and stop bleeding in the body. Therefore, vitamin K is important for maintaining the healthy functioning of the body. Discovered by chance in the 1920s, this vitamin has also played an important role in heart and bone health since then. Vitamin K, produced by the beneficial bacteria living in our intestines, is found naturally in some vegetables.
It consists of 3 main types according to the source of Vitamin K:
- Vitamin K1: Also known as phylloquinone, vitamin K1 is produced from green leafy vegetables. It is important for coagulation.
- Vitamin K2: Vitamin K2, also known as menaquinone, is produced by intestinal bacteria. Vitamin K2, which we can also get from animal sources, is important for calcium metabolism.
- Vitamin K3: Vitamin K3, also known as menadione, is three times more effective and is no longer used because it is harmful to the liver.
Vitamin K Deficiency
It is a vitamin that can be stored in the body. Therefore, its deficiency is rarely seen compared to other vitamins. Especially in adults, as long as they get enough food, vitamin deficiency is not seen. If the rate of vitamin K in infants is not sufficient, that is, if there is not enough bacteria in the intestines of babies born, they cannot produce vitamin K. Therefore, they may carry a low vitamin risk until they start feeding with supplementary food.
The only scientifically known function of vitamin K is to be good against bleeding. However, the first sign of vitamin K deficiency is excessive bleeding. In addition to excessive bleeding from cuts in the body and difficulty in stopping it, unexplained bleeding may also occur. The deficiency of vitamin K in adults and the deficiency of this vitamin in infants show different symptoms.
Deficiency in Adults
- Dark black stool containing blood
- Bruising of the skin
- Under-nail blood clots
Deficiency in Infants
- Bleeding in various parts of the body
- Bleeding does not stop in a circumcised baby, delayed healing
- Bleeding in the umbilical cord
- Sudden brain hemorrhages in very serious dimensions
Related Article: What Are the Benefits of Glucosamine?
Vitamin K Benefits
It is thought that vitamin K, which is good for bleeding problems, is also good for other health problems. However, in the studies, its benefit on health problems other than bleeding disease could not be clearly observed. Although there is no clear result, it is thought to have benefits in connection.
- Cardiovascular Health: Vitamin K2 is thought to act as a protector against hardening of the arteries in the heart. However, it has been emphasized in scientific studies that these findings are insufficient and that the necessary evidence is not available.
- Bone Health: Vitamin K is thought to be good for bone health in diseases such as osteoporosis.
Foods Containing Vitamin K
Vegetables are the foods that contain the most vitamin K. Consuming even a small amount of green leafy vegetables will allow you to meet more than your daily vitamin K needs.
Apart from these plants, the foods that contain vitamin K are:
- Red meat
- Milk and milk products
- Nuts, walnuts
All of these foods can be increased in number, but these are the foods richest in vitamin K.
Last updated January 22, 2022