Diabetes is a very serious disease that must be detected before becoming pregnant. Especially during pregnancy, diabetes creates both more serious and different conditions. Therefore, a situation that is very curious by expectant mothers, is sugar loading during pregnancy harmful? How the process works and how sugar loading is done, especially during pregnancy, are among the most curious…
What is Diabetes Loading During Pregnancy, How Does It Happen?
First of all, let's look at why the patient is loaded with sugar. If the person has diabetes before the pregnancy process, no testing is done. However, the sugar imbalance seen during pregnancy brings to mind the risk of diabetes. This is a risky situation for the baby and mother unless precautions are taken. For this reason, sugar loading test is performed. It can be determined whether the patient has diabetes as a result of sugar overload and the test result. So what is the sugar loading test?
Sugar Loading Test for Pregnant Women
This test allows us to measure the body's response to sugar. It is only in this way that it can be seen whether there is a risky diabetes in mothers-to-be. The glucose load test can be performed at any time of the day and regardless of the patient's hunger or satiety status. This test is very easy to apply. 50 gr. Water containing glucose is given to the expectant mother. Then, approximately 1 hour later, the blood sugar of the expectant mother is checked. It is important for the expectant mother to have a healthy pregnancy period. For this reason, the sugar loading test and the ideal level of blood sugar are the two most important factors for the completion of the healthy process. However, there are certain criteria for this test to be performed. These criteria are important for us to get an accurate result from the test.
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When is the Sugar Loading Test Done to Pregnant Women?
First of all, the criteria for performing the test vary from person to person. Risks can only be known as a result of doctor control. For this reason, it is very important that the doctor from whom the expectant mother receives support diagnoses that there is no risk for the test. But if we count the risky groups in terms of diabetes mainly:
- If the expectant mother is over 35 years old
- If the body mass index is more than 30 and obesity problem
- If she had the same risk in her previous pregnancies
- If there are people with diabetes in their family, they can be seen at risk for diabetes.
As we mentioned before, the sugar loading test is performed after the 20th week. However, this test is not applied to every risk group. Patients are divided into two groups as low risk and high risk. This test, which is done up to the 28th week, is only for high-risk patients. Low-risk patients are generally not needed.
Is Sugar Loading Harmful During Pregnancy?
When there is sugar in it, every expectant mother is intimidated at first. But it is a screening test that doctors do and safely recommend. Sugar loading is not done for every expectant mother anyway. It is only done to people at high risk. Sugar loading has some side effects.
Side effects of diabetes during pregnancy:
Symptoms such as nausea, fatigue, dizziness. However, none of these symptoms are observed in most expectant mothers who have this test.
The main reason why the sugar loading test is performed on pregnant women and is not considered harmful is the harm that undetected and delayed diabetes can cause to the baby and the mother. While sugar loading has only a few side effects, diabetes has very serious consequences. While it can cause various diseases especially in the baby, a sugar load test is recommended in order to prevent irreversible results that may even result in stillbirth.
Last updated February 13, 2022