Food Eng. Oguz Yildirim

What is the Food Pyramid, What are its Features?

The food pyramid forms the basis of diets in a balanced and healthy diet. When we say a balanced diet, what is the food pyramid, we can say that it is the best tool to guide us. The steps of the balanced nutrition pyramid are generally divided into 4. At the top of the nutrition pyramid are fats and sugars, and at the bottom are animal foods, namely milk and meat products. While the bread and cereal group is at the base of the pyramid, there are vegetables and fruits on it.

What is the Food Pyramid?

Healthy Eating Pyramid

The food pyramid gives us an idea of ​​what foods we should eat and how much. While dieting, we can consider the foods in the food pyramid. In addition, the nutrition pyramid can be measured in a specific way, or it can be interpreted in general. For example; Phrases such as “Eat 2 servings of fruit and vegetables a day” or “Choose lean meat” give us ideas for a regular and balanced diet.

Food Pyramid Features

The nutritional pyramid features of each country vary according to their eating and drinking habits. Foods containing sugar, meat products, milk and dairy products are separated in the nutrition pyramids of some countries. Fatty and sugary foods are generally different from other groups (carbohydrate, protein, vitamins, etc.) that form the basis of a healthy diet. It is often said that sugar and fat should be eaten in much smaller quantities than at the top of the pyramid. The most popular food pyramids around the world are the food pyramids of Italy, Austria, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Denmark and Switzerland.

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Italy Nutrition Pyramid

  • Weight tracking activity
  • Consume the right amount of sugar, sweets and sugary drinks
  • Drinking plenty of water every day
  • Low salt in the diet
  • personalized nutrition

Danish Nutrition Pyramid

  • Fruit-vegetable-focused
  • Do not limit carbohydrates
  • At least 30 minutes of physical activity per day
  • Abundant water consumption

Turkey Nutrition Pyramid

  • A diet containing enough energy to maintain proper weight and body composition
  • A diet that includes all food groups
  • food variety
  • Whole grains and legumes consumption
  • Avoid consuming too much salt and sugar
  • Two or three snacks, three main meals a day
  • don't stay hungry for a long time
  • Fluid intake before, after and during exercise
  • Abundant fluid consumption
  • Reducing consumption of saturated fats (butter, margarine, animal fat)

Turkey's Nutrition Pyramid Directive It is designed in the shape of a four-leaf clover and on the bottom it says “Adequate and Balanced Nutrition”.

food pyramid turkey
Turkey Nutrition Pyramid
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Stating that his eating and drinking habits started from childhood, Oğuz Yıldırım completed his higher education in Food Engineering. He is currently serving his clients as a nutritionist in his own office.

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